Lablog4-53:Oriented immobilization of rBC2LCN lectin for highly sensitive detection of human pluripotent stem cells using cell culture supernatants

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Hiroaki Tateno, Keiko Hiemori, Fumi Minoshima, Kayo Kiyoi, Kazutaka Matoba, Junko Katayama, Yoichi Kumada

First author

Hiroaki Tateno

Corresponding author

Hiroaki Tateno

Publication Style

Journal name Journal of bioscience and bioengineering


Volume, issue, pages

129(2) 215-222


Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) are considered ideal cell sources for regenerative medicine, but their clinical and industrial applications are hindered by their tumorigenic potential. We previously identified an hPSC-specific lectin, rBC2LCN, that recognizes the podocalyxin glycoproteinsecreted by undifferentiated hPSCs into the culture media. Using biotinylated rBC2LCN and a peroxidase-labeled R-10G antibody, we developed a sandwich assay for the detection of tumorigenic hPSCs. In this assay, the lectin is randomly immobilized on streptavidin-coated microplates to capture hPSC-derived podocalyxin. In the present study, rBC2LCN was genetically fused with polystyrene-binding peptides (PS-tags) for direct, site-specific, and oriented immobilization on polystyrene microplates. rBC2LCN lectins fused with PS-tags at the C-terminus were successfully overexpressed as a soluble form in Escherichia coli and then purified by affinity chromatography. We optimized the various parameters (protein and NaCl concentration, buffer pH, and blocking agents) of the sandwich assay by using PS-tagged rBC2LCN and the R-10G antibody. Finally, the lower limit of detection (LLOD) of the sandwich assay for hPSCs was examined. The LLOD was 2.2-fold lower than that achieved with the previous method. Considering that the developed method does not require the precoating of polystyrene microplates with streptavidin, it provides a cost-effective approach for the highly sensitive detection of hPSCs residing in hPSC-derived cell therapeutics.