Lablog4-49:Identification and characterization of polydimethylsiloxane-binding peptides (PDMS-tag) for oriented immobilization of functional protein on a PDMS surface

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Yoichi Kumada, Ryoko Otsuki, Yumiko Sakoda, Ryota Akai, Kazutaka Matoba, Junko Katayama, Michimasa Kishimoto, Jun-Ichi Horiuchi

First author

Yoichi Kumada

Corresponding author

Yoichi Kumada

Publication Style

Journal name Journal of biotechnology


Volume, issue, pages

236 193-8


In this study we focused on identifying and characterizing polydimethylsiloxane-binding peptides (PDMS-tags) that show a strong binding affinity towards a PDMS surface. Three kinds of E. coli host proteins (ELN, OMC and TPA) that were preferentially adsorbed onto a PDMS surface were identified from the E. coli cell lysate via 2-D electrophoresis and MALDI TOF MS. Digestion of these PDMS-binding proteins by 3 types of proteases (trypsin, chymotrypsin and V8 protease) resulted in the production of a wide variety of peptide fragments with different amino acid biases. Nine types of peptide fragments showing binding affinities to a PDMS surface were identified, and they were genetically fused at the C-terminal region of glutathione S-transferase (GST). The adsorption kinetics of peptide-fused GSTs to a PDMS surface were evaluated using a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor equipped with a sensor chip coated with a PDMS thin film. Consequently, all GSTs fused with the peptides adsorbed at a level higher than that of wild-type GST. In particular, the adsorption levels of GSTs fused with ELN-V81, TPA-V81, and OMC-V81 peptides were 8- to 10-fold higher than that of the wild-type GST. These results indicated that the selected peptides possessed a strong binding affinity towards a PDMS surface even in cases where they were introduced to the C-terminal region of a model protein. The remaining activities of GSTs with PDMS-binding peptides were also greater than that of the wild-type GST. Almost a third (30%) of enzymatic activity was maintained by genetic fusion of the peptide ELN-V81, compared with only 1.5% of wild-type GST in the adsorption state.

Thus, the PDMS-binding peptides (PDMS-tags) identified in this study will be considerably useful for the site-specific immobilization of functional proteins to a PDMS surface, which will be a powerful tool in the fabrication of protein-based micro-reactors and biosearation chips.