Lablog4-42:Production of single-chain Fv-Fc fusion protein in stably transformed insect cells

, , ,


Hiroyuki Sonoda, Yoichi Kumada, Tomohisa Katsuda, Hideki Yamaji

First author

Hiroyuki Sonoda

Corresponding author

Hideki Yamaji

Publication Style

Journal name Biochemical Engineering Journal


Volume, issue, pages

67 77-82


We describe the secretory production of a mouse anti-bovine ribonuclease A single-chain variable fragment (scFv) fused with the Fc region of human IgG1 in stably transformed lepidopteran insect cells. Use of the insect-derived Bip and melittin signal peptides resulted in higher yields of the secreted scFv–Fc fusion protein than use of the baculovirus gp64 signal peptide. After cotransfection with an expression vector that contains the Bip signal sequence upstream of the DNA encoding the scFv–Fc and a selection vector that carries a neomycin resistance gene, Trichoplusia ni BTI-TN-5B1-4 (High Five) cells were cultured in the presence of G418. Colonies of resistant cells were obtained around 2 weeks after adding G418, and clonal cells were screened by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of the culture supernatant. The yield of the scFv–Fc protein secreted from the most productive clone was around 60 mg/l in a shake-flask culture. To improve the productivity, we investigated the effect of medium supplements of sodium butyrate (NaBu), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and sericin. Supplementing culture medium with sericin increased the scFv–Fc protein yield to 82 mg/l, but productivity was not increased by either NaBu or DMSO. These results indicate that the stably transformed insect cells may allow for the efficient production of scFv–Fc and other Fc fusion proteins.