Lablog4-36:Novel solid-phase refolding method for preparation of scFv-immobilized polystyrene plates with high-antigen-binding activity.

, , , , ,


Yoichi Kumada, Yuki Shiritani, Kyoko Hamasaki, Aya Nakagawa, Eiju Sasaki, Michimasa Kishimoto

First author

Yoichi Kumada

Corresponding author

Yoichi Kumada

Publication Style

Journal name Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry


Volume, issue, pages

398(3) 1295-303


In the present study, we demonstrated site-specific immobilization and solid-phase refolding of single-chain Fv antibodies on hydrophilic polystyrene (phi-PS) plates that was mediated by novel polystyrene binding peptides (PS-tags: RIIIRRIRR), which were originally isolated and optimized in previous studies. Three PS-tag-fused scFvs, namely scFv-PS, scFv-(PS), and scFv-PSII, which were over-expressed in the insoluble fraction of Escherichia colicells were denatured and site-specifically immobilized onto hydrophilic PS plates in the presence of 0.5~4 M urea and 0.1% Tween 20. The antigen-binding activity of the scFvs was efficiently recovered by washing the surface of the plate with PBS that contained 0.1% Tween 20 (PBST). The solid-phase refolding mediated by PS-tag was successfully applied to several scFvs such as mouse anti-CRP antibodies and an anti-RNase antibody, although further investigation of the versatility of scFv-PSII is needed. The maximal density of PS-tag-fused scFvs was increased more than 15-fold compared with a whole monoclonal antibody (mAb) immobilized on Maxisorp™ and, consequently, the sensitivity of PS-tag-fused scFvs for CRP in a sandwich ELISA was increased 25-fold. Thus, the novel, solid-phase, refolding method mediated by a PS-tag will be very useful for preparation of solid supports coated with recombinant antibody fragments, which can be used in immunoassays and immuno-separation.