Lablog4-31:Direct immobilization of functional single-chain variable fragment antibodies (scFvs) onto a polystyrene plate by genetic fusion of a polystyrene-binding peptide (PS-tag).

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Yoichi Kumada, Kyoko Hamasaki, Yuki Shiritani, Aya Nakagawa, Daisuke Kuroki, Takuhito Ohse, Dong Hwan Choi, Yoshio Katakura, Michimasa Kishimoto

First author

Yoichi Kumada

Corresponding author

Yoichi Kumada

Publication Style

Journal name Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry


Volume, issue, pages

395(3) 759-65


Single-chain Fv antibodies (scFv) genetically fused with polystyrene-binding peptides (PS-tags, (PS19-1; RAFIASRRIRRP, PS19-6; RIIIRRIRR)) were generated by recombinant Escherichia coli for direct and site-specific immobilization of scFv on polystyrene supports with high antigen-binding activity. PS-tag-fused scFvs (scFv-PS-tags) specific for human C-reactive protein (CRP) were successfully over-expressed as an inclusion body and were refolded using the batch-dilution method. When scFv-PS-tags were immobilized on a hydrophilic PS (phi-PS) plate in the presence of Tween 20, they showed high antigen-binding activity comparable to, or greater than, that of a whole monoclonal antibody (mAb) on a hydrophobic PS (pho-PS) plate, which has been the exclusive method for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, when a scFv-PS-tag was used as a ligand antibody in one- and two-step ELISA, the assay time was reduced without loss of sensitivity. These results indicate that strong and specific attachment of PS-tags onto the phi-PS surface prevented scFv conformational changes and consequently, the high antigen-binding activities of scFvs were preserved. Nearly identical results were obtained by use of PS-tag-fused scFvs with different VH/VL pairs. Therefore, a variety of scFvs could be functionalized onto phi-PS plates by genetic fusion of PS-tags. ScFv-PS-tags, which possess high antigen-binding activity on the phi-PS plate, are more useful ligand antibodies than whole mAbs. Thus, scFv-PS-tags are applicable in both clinical diagnosis and proteomic research.