Lablog4-16:Development of a one-step ELISA method using an affinity peptide tag specific to a hydrophilic polystyrene surface.

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Yoichi Kumada, Shigeo Katoh, Hiroyuki Imanaka, Koreyoshi Imamura, Kazuhiro Nakanishi

First author

Yoichi Kumada

Corresponding author

Kazuhiro Nakanishi

Publication Style

Journal name Journal of biotechnology


Volume, issue, pages

127(2) 288-99


Glutathione S-transferase genetically fused with an affinity peptide tag, PS19 (RAFIASRRIKRP) having a specific affinity for a hydrophilic polystyrene (PS) surface, was preferentially immobilized on a hydrophilic PS (phi-PS) plate without suffering from interference by coexisting protein molecules. Furthermore, rabbit IgG chemically conjugated with a peptide, KPS19R10, in which 10Lys in PS19 was replaced with Arg and one Lys residue was added at the N-terminus as a coupling site for glutaraldehyde, showed a higher immobilization affinity to the phi-PS plate than that conjugated with the PS19 peptide. On the basis of these findings, the use of a phi-PS plate and peptide tag-linked ligand proteins permitted a one-step or two-step enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to be achieved, resulting in a substantial reduction in operational time compared with the conventional ELISA method using a hydrophobic PS (pho-PS) plate, while maintaining a high sensitivity. Furthermore, the sensitivity was increased to a greater extent compared to the conventional ELISA meihod when the one-step ELISA was applied to the detection of bovine insulin in a sandwich mode, due to the reduced number of washing and incubation steps. The method proposed here would be a versatile method for use in various ELISA techniques such as sandwich and competitive ELISAs using an antigen, an antibody and streptavidin that are genetically fused or chemically conjugated with the PS-specific affinity peptide as the ligand protein.